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Generation 6 Aircraft
What is the Gen 6 Aircraft?
Can your aircraft fly in all weather?
Are you swapping batteries after each flight?
I use a wheelchair. How will I be accommodated on Wisk flights? Will my wheelchair be safe?
Regulations require passengers to sit in FAA-certified seats. For Wisk flights, passengers using wheelchairs will need to be able to transfer themselves into their assigned seats.
Once in their assigned seats, mobility devices such as canes, walkers, and most collapsable or disassemblable wheelchairs will be stowed in the aircraft cabin alongside their users. If necessary, seats in the Gen 6 can be removed to accommodate larger mobility devices.
What if there is a mid-flight emergency?
In the instances of an emergency, such as a medical emergency, passengers in the aircraft will be able to use the call button to contact the hospitality crew. The hospitality crew will advise operations of the situation and arrange to have the appropriate emergency services available on landing.
What happens if there is a bird strike?
The aircraft will use both onboard and offboard sensors to monitor aircraft and other potential hazards in the area. Should it identify a potential conflict, the aircraft will autonomously execute a change to its flight path to maintain proper clearance. The Multi-Vehicle Supervisor will be notified of this change and will, in turn, notify ATC.
The aircraft, including the propulsion system, will be designed to withstand bird strikes in accordance with certification rules. If a bird strike does damage a propeller, the aircraft will be able to continue flying safely with up to two of its twelve propellers inoperative. If a bird strike results in propulsion system damage, the aircraft will either continue to its destination, return to its point of origin, or make an emergency landing at the next safe landing area, based on the specific situation.
What happens if the aircraft loses power? What if one of the lift fans stops working?
In the rare instance that an individual fan motor loses power, we can lose up to two fans and continue the flight safely. In the unlikely event that more than 2 fans could stop functioning, the aircraft will initiate an emergency landing at one of the designated emergency landing sites along the pre-planned routes.
What if a hacker attempts to interrupt the communications and re-route Wisk aircraft?
Wisk will provide a Plan for Security Aspects of Certification (PSecAC) to the FAA. The PSecAC includes a cybersecurity risk assessment as part of our overall system development process.
The PSecAC also specifies the use of these existing standards:
- RTCA DO-326A 'Airworthiness Security Process Specification' specifies the secure processes we use in development
- RTCA DO-356A 'Airworthiness Security Methods and Considerations' specifies the design methods we use for a secure design
- RTCA DO-355A 'Information Security Guidance for Continued Airworthiness' specifies how to operate in a secure manner
The above standards are the same security process, design, and operations standards followed by all Part 25 transport class aircraft.
Per these standards, aircraft data logs will be examined after each flight to ensure normal operations, and Wisk ground systems will be running Intrusion Detection and Protection Systems (IDPS) in real-time, anytime we are operational.
In addition, because we will accept commands from the ground, all of our Command and Control (C2) radio data links will be encrypted in both directions to guard against intercept and/or hacker interference.
Concerning autonomy, we will institute additional layers of security. Any commands or flight plans sent to the aircraft will undergo onboard validation. Furthermore, the ground-based interface will not be safety-critical, meaning that the ground operation will have a limited ability to command the aircraft, and no available commands will result in unsafe aircraft behavior.
What happens if the aircraft loses connection with the ground control station?
What happens if the aircraft loses GPS?
The Gen 6 aircraft will have redundant GPS receivers to reduce the likelihood of GPS loss due to system failure, and it will also have a variety of other sensors to maintain required navigational accuracy throughout the planned flight in the event of total GPS network outage or denial.
What is the Gen 6 payload capacity?
The Gen 6 aircraft will have a payload capacity of 900 lb (408 kg), adequate for up to four passengers and their luggage in most situations.
Is there a parachute?
What do you mean by autonomous/self-flying?
It is important to note that every flight is monitored by a human on the ground who can intervene as necessary. The aircraft does not use artificial intelligence or machine learning.
Is Autonomy Safe?
Generation 6 combines industry-leading autonomous technology and software, human oversight of every flight, and an overall simplified design to deliver one of the safest passenger transport systems in aviation. We are following the most rigorous design & test standards of our safety-critical control systems and we are meeting, and sometimes exceeding, the regulatory requirements for commercial certification.
What is a Multi-Vehicle Supervisor? What do they do?
The aircraft system is designed to respond autonomously to most events. The piloting functions will be automated and the MVS cannot remotely pilot the aircraft. However, if it is needed, the MVS can send direct commands to the aircraft such as redirecting the aircraft to alternate landing sites or ordering an immediate precautionary landing.
What makes Wisk different from its competitors?
- Wisk is the only US company pursuing a self-flying first approach. We are doing this because:
- Autonomy is safer
- We can scale more quickly and affordably using unpiloted aircraft
- We are following the most rigorous design & test standards of our safety critical control systems and we are meeting, sometimes exceeding the regulatory requirements for commercial certification (example would be level of hardware and software dissimilarity to mitigate common mode failures).
- Our relationship with Boeing. Through Boeing, we have direct access to industry-leading experience and decades of expertise.
- Our passenger-centric design. Our vision is: Everyday Flight for Everyone. This means our aircraft will accommodate individuals with a wide range of abilities and disabilities. Our commitment to accessibility goes beyond our aircraft, and we aim to make the entire travel process as user-friendly as possible.
- We can carry your luggage. There is storage space for personal items in the center consoles. Larger items, such as roller bags, can be stored in the storage compartment in the nose of the aircraft.
Will Wisk have its own vertiport stations? Will you share with competitors?
What is your path to certification?
When discussing certification, usually people are asking about the Aircraft Type Certificate. This is the first step in the certification process and indicates that an aircraft design is safe and replicable; it allows the manufacturer to produce limited aircraft of the approved design. We have already started this certification process with the FAA.
A Production Certificate indicates that a manufacturer has proven its production system is able to ensure each aircraft will be built in accordance with its Type Certificate.
The Operating Certificate means that an aircraft operator has demonstrated all the proper procedures and training for its staff. This certification is required before we can begin to carry passengers.
Are you going to certify with pilots first?
No, we plan to certify an autonomous eVTOL.
We believe autonomy is the only way to truly scale this industry and deliver the highest safety standards. Many of our peers have intentions to go autonomous; however, that transition will mean an entirely new aircraft design and certification process.
As a wholly-owned subsidiary of Boeing, we are fortunate to be in a strong position to pursue our autonomous-first approach and, while we may not be the first to market, we may be the first to bring an autonomous air taxi to service in the U.S.
Is Wisk part of Boeing?
When can I fly with Wisk?
We can say that we hope to fly our first passenger before the end of the decade.
Where will the first city be?
How will pricing be structured?
Our simplified design (lower maintenance cost), electric propulsion (no fuel cost), and autonomy (no pilot cost), helps us keep trip prices low and make our services more affordable.